Acne is a skin disease which is painful and embarrassing. It occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It is not too dangerous for the skin, but it can leave skin scars. Acne is a most common skin problem that affects the 4 in every 5 people aged 11 to 32 years. Acne are of different types i.e. whitehead, blackhead, pimple, nodule, and cyst. Risk factors comprise of genetics, the menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, using oil-based makeup, and squeezing pimples. Acne can cause pimples on the face, neck, back, shoulder, upper arms, and chest.
Causes of Acne
There are pores in the human skin which are connected to oil glands under the skin. The glands are connected to the pores through follicles & the follicles produce liquid. The oily liquid is produced by the glands through the follicles to the surface of the skin. When the follicles get blocked and oil builds up under the skin then pimple grows. The excess oil, dead cells, and bacteria lead to the swelling of the pores, which causes the follicle walls to expand and break.
Types of Acne
An acne pimple are of different types may vary in size, color, and level of pain.
(a) Whiteheads: White-headed acne pimples are small & under the skin.
(b) Blackheads: Black-headed acne pimples are black. These are visible on the surface of the skin.
(c) Papules: Papules are small, pink bumps. These are visible on the surface of the skin.
(d) Pustules: Pustules are red at their base and have pus at the top. These are visible on the surface of the skin.
(e) Nodules: Nodules are large, solid, painful pimples that are embedded deep in the skin. These are visible on the surface of the skin.
(f) Cysts: Cysts are painful and filled with pus. Cysts can cause scars. These are visible on the surface of the skin.
Prevention of Acne
Here we will give you some tips for looking after skin that has acne or prone to it.
(a) Always avoid touching the face again & again.
(b) Always wash your face twice a day with warm water and mild soap made especially for acne.
(c) Always avoid popping pimples.
(d) Always avoid greasy hair products to keep the hairs clean, as it collects sebum and skin residue.
(e) Always avoid the direct sun exposure, as it can cause the skin to produce more sebum.
(f) Always avoid scrubbing the skin or bursting the pimples, as this may cause more blocking, redness and swelling.
(g) Always hold your telephone away from the face when talking.
(h) If acne is on the shoulders, back or chest, wear loose clothes. Avoid tight garments, such as headbands, caps, and scarves, or wash them regularly if used.
(i) Keep your skin cool and dry in hot and humid climates, to prevent sweating.
(j) Always choose makeup for sensitive skin and avoid oil-based products. Remove makeup before sleeping.
(k) Always wash your hands frequently, especially before applying lotions, creams, or makeup.
(l) Always clean your spectacles regularly.
(m) Always soften the skin and beard with warm soapy water before applying shaving cream. Good to use an electric shaver or sharp safety razors when shaving.
(n) Always avoid anxiety and stress.