Seasonal Diseases and Tips for Their Prevention

seasonal diseases & prevention | health problems & prevention

As we all know that some diseases are common in certain seasons like cold, cough and flu in winter, diarrhea in summer, malaria, and dengue in the rainy season. Being aware of these common diseases during various seasons is vital as disease outbreaks are natural calamities, but managing their impact is inhuman control. These diseases are injurious to health, can lead you to hospitalization or even to the extent of death in some cases. You can prevent these seasonal diseases by maintaining a proper immunization schedule, adhering to hygienic practices, consumption of healthy food and water, and making sure that your surroundings do not support the breeding of insects like mosquitoes. So, take precautions before these diseases harm your body.

1. Summer Diseases & Their Prevention

The most common disease of summer includes flu, food poisoning, diarrhea, chicken pox, heatstroke, sunburn and water-borne diseases like typhoid and jaundice. The increase of temperature in summer helps bacteria multiply. Avoid these summer diseases by taking following safety measures:-

(a) Ensure that there are no breeding places for mosquitoes in your surroundings.

(b) Wash your hands thoroughly or use sanitizer before taking a meal.

(c) Always avoid eating in unhygienic places, drink boiled water or filtered water.

(d) As food in summer gets spoilt quickly due to the increase in temperature, make sure that leftover food is refrigerated.

(e) Always avoid going out to direct sunlight between 10 am and 4 pm as much as possible to prevent heat strokes.

(f) Make use of sunscreen to avoid sunburn and cover your head and face with a scarf or hat.

(g) Try to avoid exposure to viral infections like flu and chicken pox.

 2. Winter Diseases & Their Prevention

The most common seasonal diseases of winter include flu, cough, cold, bronchitis, dry and itchy skin. Most often, the diseases of winter are caused by viral infections. Avoid these winter diseases by taking following necessary precautions:

(a) Wear suitable clothes.

(b) Always cover your nose and mouth while sneezing or coughing.

(c) Regularly wash your hands with soap and water or use sanitizer.

(d) Try to avoid exposure to illness at home, office or school.

(e) Always have a healthy & balanced diet to improve the immunity system.

(f) If you have a pre-existing lung or respiratory problems, consult your doctor during the change of season.

(g) Vaccination against flu may be considered for people at a high risk of getting flu, for people who are vulnerable like young children, pregnant women and people with chronic health disease like asthma, diabetes, heart and lung disease and people over 60 years of age.

(h) Prevent your skin from dryness & itching by using moisturizer.

3. Monsoon Diseases & Their Prevention

In monsoon, the slush, stagnant water and dampness are breeding grounds for a host of organisms. There are many of the diseases of monsoon-like malaria, dengue, and chikungunya are transmitted by mosquitoes and they usually breed in waterlogged places. There are some water-borne diseases like cholera, typhoid, stomach infections, diarrhea and Hepatitis A, which usually spread through contaminated food and water. Also, the viral diseases are usually spread through air containing contaminated droplets of viruses released by infected people. It is good to take some precautions mentioned below to reduce the risk of contracting these diseases in monsoon:

(a) Keep the water containers clean and ensure that flower containers and plates do not hold stagnant water. Make sure that there are no pools of stagnant water.

(b) Good to use insect repellents to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.

(c) Try to avoid exposure to people infected with viral diseases.

(d) Always drink filtered or boiled water.

(e) Wash hands before eating a meal.

(f) Always avoid eating in unhygienic places.